Many of us are quite confused between the dental terms gingivitis and gum disease. Some people would think that these two words are equally the same when it comes to their real definition. The truth is gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding your teeth and caused by plaque buildup. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress into a serious gum disease.
The Causes of Gingivitis
Plaque, an invisible and sticky film made up mostly of bacteria, triggers the development of gingivitis. A build-up of plaque on your teeth starts with the interaction of starches and sugars in food with bacteria. Plaque re-forms rapidly within 24 hours of cleaning and brushing your teeth. If they stay longer on the mouth for two to three days, it goes hard under the gum line forming tartar also called as calculus. Tartar only makes the plaque harder to scrub away and serve as an environment for bacteria.
Tartar is usually impossible to remove by ordinary brushing or flossing. To effectively remove this, you need help from your dentist or dental hygienist. Your dentist will use the method called scaling or polish. This scrapes the tartar away by using a special instrument. Your teeth will also be polished if there’s any presence of marks and stains. If the plaque and tartar stay in your teeth, the gum becomes more irritated and inflamed. Sooner or later, the gums will be swollen and may cause to bleed. If the build-up of tartar is not treated, the condition can advance to periodontitis.
Risk Factors for Gingivitis
There are some factors that can put you at higher threat of developing the condition. This includes the following:
- Poor oral care
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Hard to clean crooked teeth
- Some medications including cancer therapy drugs and oral contraceptives
On a brighter note, gingivitis is still reversible. Getting rid of the infection can be as simple as seeing your dentist for a professional cleaning including your regular brushing and flossing. Gum disease is painless and so you may not be aware that you have it. Thus, it’s really necessary to schedule regular dental checkups aside from maintain your daily oral hygiene.
High-quality Gum Care in Bondi
Gingivitis and gum disease are dental conditions that can be easily prevented and treated as long as you keep your mouth healthy and you visit your dentist regularly for the latest update on your oral health. To get comprehensive and top-notch overall teeth and gum care, visit your trusted dental partners in Bondi here at Bondi Dental. With our wide-ranging, remarkable dental treatments we help you uphold your gum health so you can prevent the threat of gum disease and other related dental problems.